New Testament Canon

There were many books outside the New Testament which were commonly used by churches in Europe, Alexandria in church. Such as: Epistle of Barnabas, Shepherd of Hermas, Paul’s Epistle to the Laodiceans, 1 Clement, 2 Clement, Preaching of Peter, Apocalypse of Peter, Gospel According to, the Egyptians, Gospel According to the Hebrews, etcetera.

Song of Songs – Erotic Content?

Song of Songs—”The Word of God could not possibly contain such erotic or obscene content”

God’s Word is guidance for every area of life. Song of Songs is a poem of love between a husband and wife and so, while the content may be graphic it is appropriate in the marriage context.…

Did Matthew write Matthew?

Matthew 9:9—“Did Matthew write the Gospel of Matthew?”

Critics have argued that since Matthew refers to himself in third person here, he cannot be the author of the gospel:

“As Jesus passed on from there he saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tax office; and he said to him, "Follow me".

Do James & Paul Contradict One Another?

“Don’t Paul & James contradict each other about faith and works?”

Many critics like to pick very selective verses from the writings of Paul & James to make it seem that these early Christian leaders had opposite teachings.  If, however, you are familiar with the entire New Testament, this argument falls apart. …

1 John 5:7 – Interpolation

1 John 5:7—”RSV scholars say that this verse is an interpolation, a concoction, a fabrication.”

Among the thousands of careful English translations available, the King James translation is the only one which includes this ending to 1 John 5:7—”For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word and the Holy Ghost, and these three are one.”…

Judas-how did he die and who bought the field?

Acts 1:18-19—”How did Judas die and who bought the field?”

There are two puzzling questions related to the death of Judas when we compare Matthew 27:3-8 with Acts 1:18-19:

How did Judas Die?

Matthew says that Judas “went and hanged himself” while Acts says, “falling headlong he burst open in the middle and all his bowels gushed out.”…

John 10:34 – you are gods?

John 10:34 – “How can Jesus and Psalms say ‘you are gods’?”

Jesus was quoting Psalm 82:6 here, so let us start by understanding what this Psalm is saying. But first we must clarify that the Hebrew word ‘god’ used in this passage (אֱלֹהִים elohim) is also sometimes translated as ‘magistrate’ or ‘judge’, as in Exodus 21:6, Exodus 22:8,9, and Exodus 22:28.…

Prophets are thieves and robbers?

John 10:8—”How could Jesus teach that all the holy prophets before him were thieves and robbers?”

This is one of the more ridiculous attacks against scripture. It is exceedingly obvious to anyone familiar with the Injīl that Jesus has a very high view of the previous prophets (Mt 5:17; Mt 12:3; Lk 13:28; John 8:39,40).…

John 8:1-11 added passage?

John 8:1-11—”How can the Bible be reliable when this passage wasn’t in the earliest manuscripts?”

Some critics of the Injīl point to passages like John 8:1-11 to “prove” that it has grave defects, since some ancient manuscripts add it as an appendix to Luke and others have omitted it completely.…

Is Jesus’ testimony valid or invalid?

John 5:31—”Is Jesus’ testimony about himself valid (8:14) or invalid (5:31)?”

In the first passage (5:31), Jesus is submitting himself hypothetically to the official Jewish law that every matter must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses (Deuteronomy 19).…