New Testament Canon

There were many books outside the New Testament which were commonly used by churches in Europe, Alexandria in church. Such as: Epistle of Barnabas, Shepherd of Hermas, Paul’s Epistle to the Laodiceans, 1 Clement, 2 Clement, Preaching of Peter, Apocalypse of Peter, Gospel According to, the Egyptians, Gospel According to the Hebrews, etcetera.

1 John 5:7 – Interpolation

1 John 5:7—”RSV scholars say that this verse is an interpolation, a concoction, a fabrication.”

Among the thousands of careful English translations available, the King James translation is the only one which includes this ending to 1 John 5:7—”For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word and the Holy Ghost, and these three are one.”…

John 8:1-11 added passage?

John 8:1-11—”How can the Bible be reliable when this passage wasn’t in the earliest manuscripts?”

Some critics of the Injīl point to passages like John 8:1-11 to “prove” that it has grave defects, since some ancient manuscripts add it as an appendix to Luke and others have omitted it completely.…

Mark 16 – in the original?

Mark 16:9-20—”How can the Bible be reliable when this passage wasn’t in the earliest manuscripts?”

Some critics of the Injīl point to passages like John 8:1-11 to “prove” that it has grave defects, since a few of the ancient Greek manuscripts do not include this passage.…

Does Jeremiah 8:8 say that the Tawrat was changed?

Jeremiah 8:8—”This passage proves that the Tawrat has been corrupted.”

“How can you say, ‘We are wise, for we have the law of the LORD,’ when actually the lying pen of the scribes has handled it falsely?” (Jeremiah 8:8)

To those familiar with the overall theme of Jeremiah, it is obvious that this verse is talking about teaching falsehood in Scripture interpretation (tafsir) , not changing a written text.…

Couldn’t the Church have changed the Bible for Political Motives?

“Could not the Church have changed the Bible for Political Motives?”

Critics allege that since the European Church was so connected with political power struggles and political vested interests, it may have adapted its teaching and scriptures based on these politically-motivated disputes.…

Textual Variants in the Bible and Qur’anic Manuscripts

“The early manuscripts of the Bible have discrepancies and variants, whereas the early manuscripts of the Qur’ān are all identical”

This is a convenient idea, but it is imaginary and doesn’t fit the historical and textual record, as we will see below:

Minor Copyist Errors and Variants in the Tawrat, Zabur, Injīl and Qur’ān

All of us agree that God’s Word cannot be changed, for this is the clear testimony of both the Bible and the Qur’ān.…

Dating the Qur’an and Bible

“The Christian scriptures were only completed centuries after Jesus, unlike the Qur’ān which was written at the time of Muhammad”

Actually, the transmission of the Bible and the Qur’ān have rather similar histories, as we shall see. Neither simply dropped from the sky in book form as some people seem to believe, but both scriptures have a history progressing from an oral stage through now-lost original written documents, through fragmentary manuscript evidence, to existing complete written collections a hundred years after revelation ceased.…

Fake Gospels?

“There were many early gospels and epistles which never made it into the New Testament because they gave a different story of Jesus—Gospels like Gospel of Thomas, the Ebionite Gospel, the Gospel of the Hebrews, and the Coptic Gospel of the Egyptians”

There are a few “gospels” which were composed much later than Matthew, Mark, Luke and John and rejected by the early Christian community.…

Is there Much Evidence for the Bible’s Reliability?

1. The Manuscript Record

More than any other ancient Latin or Greek literature, the Bible has tremendous historical and manuscript evidence for its reliability. It has far more manuscripts and far earlier manuscripts. The New Testament has well over 1,000 times as many manuscripts as the works of the average classical author.…